LED lighting dimming technology and future trends

The LED drive current output control is classified into three types of dimming modes. The control circuit can also be divided into analog control and PWM control. The control circuit is usually realized by a microcontroller.

First, the main dimming technology of LED lamps

The first mode of dimming is to achieve dimming of the LED lamp by adjusting the LED driving current, because the brightness of the LED chip is proportional to the LED driving current.

The second type of dimming is often referred to as analog dimming or linear dimming. The advantage of the dimming mode is that when the driving current is linearly increased or decreased, the influence of the driving current overshoot on the LED chip is relatively reduced, and the control circuit has strong anti-interference. The disadvantage is that the magnitude of the drive current will have a certain effect on the color temperature of the LED chip.

The third mode of dimming is pulse-light modulation (PWM). In this way, the driving current is square wave-shaped by a certain control, and the pulse width is variable. The pulse width is adjusted to change the time during which the LED lamp is continuously lit, and the output power is also changed, thereby achieving the purpose of energy saving. The frequency is generally controlled at 200 Hz to 10 kHz. Due to the retention of human eye vision, the flicker of the light source during the dimming process is not felt. The advantage of this dimming method is that it can improve the heat dissipation of the LED. The disadvantage is that the overshoot of the driving current has a certain influence on the life of the LED chip.

Second, the composition and future development of the dimming system

Perfect intelligent control should have manual control, intelligent control, light control, time control and fault alarm control functions. When the sun goes down, the sky will automatically light up. After 12 o'clock in the morning, the illumination of the lamp can be automatically halved. After dawn, the lamp can be automatically extinguished; in special cases, the person can manually control; in the event of a malfunction of the lamp, the control system Can automatically alarm.

The intelligent dimming system is mainly composed of a server, a central controller, a single-chip controller and a signal detection circuit.

Server: It consists of upper computer and upper computer software, mainly realizes monitoring operation and alarm function. The server is located in a control center such as street lamp management, and its connection with the central controller can be by power carrier, network or wireless.

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