The first batch of 11 poisoned leather workers confirmed severe occupational disease

More than 30 "glue-adhesive" workers admitted by the twelfth people's government in Guangzhou earlier, how is the disease progress? Yesterday, Liu Yi, chief physician of the Guangzhou Municipal Institute of Occupational Disease Prevention and Control (ie 12 medical practitioners) introduced the occupational disease identification of 11 patients recently. All of them were diagnosed as “professional acute severe dichloroethane poisoning”, which is poisoning. The degree is the most serious.

** The second batch of patients was organized for identification yesterday and the patient was required to provide "professional workers' occupational history certification" and "employer's certification materials." Families are concerned that the owner of the workshop has “walked” and that the factories are mostly operating without a license. They cannot provide the above two materials and cannot complete the occupational disease identification process. In this regard, Liu immigrants said that according to the latest occupational disease prevention and treatment law, as long as the patient's clinical symptoms coincide with the hazards of his post contact, they can be identified. This means that, regardless of employers do not match, the same can be identified.

According to briefings, at present, all the medical expenses for dichloroethane poisoning patients are up to 1.3 million yuan, of which nearly half are paid by **. The paid medical expenses are paid by the patient himself or the company. The role of corporate cooperation". It is reported that the treatment time for patients with "gel glue" is not the same, and the longest one needs hospitalization for three years.

Is there any sequelae in patients with “gel glue”? Liu immigrants said that according to the “Diagnosis Criteria for Occupational Acute Chemical Poisoning Sequelae” promulgated by the Ministry of Health, whether or not it was diagnosed as sequelae was determined after waiting for patients to be admitted to the hospital again after one year. "Whether the patient still returned to the ** examination was completely self-conscious. However, the complications were not found after the current visit to our **."

Industry insiders said that half of the difference between “toxic glue” and “green rubber” surveys shows that less than 10% of luggage companies using environmentally-friendly adhesives are less than half the cost of regular environmental glue. Manufacturers are driven by profits and disregard the health of workers. The illegal use of "more than 30 workers in Guangzhou" glue water poisoning" incident caused concern, Guangdong glue industry expert Huang Chu filled an interview yesterday, said that poor quality glue urgently to be rectified, but the current safety production link, but revealed the lack of supervision. Among the workers involved, the first 11 were diagnosed with "serious occupational diseases."

"Poisonous" and "Non-toxic" Spreads 5,000 Yesterday, Huang Chu, general manager of a chemical company who has worked for many years, pointed out that more than 30 workers in the city "glue poisoning" incident pointed out that due to the intense competition in the viscose market, footwear and luggage enterprises The pursuit of low cost and the use of high toxicity and low price materials to produce adhesives. The toxicity of these adhesives is difficult to distinguish from non-professionals in terms of color and smell.

Huang Chu said: "Since the price of chemical raw materials soared in 2010, some SMEs in the industry have used low-cost raw materials such as benzene and dichloroethane to produce glue for the sake of cost savings. For the poisoning incident, 'primary culprit' is dichloroethane. Alkane, the industry is very clear about its value."

He calculated an account: the price of dichloroethane glue in 2011 was 5,000 yuan per ton, and the environmentally friendly, non-toxic No. 6 extracted solvent oil glue was 9,900 yuan per ton. After the two were made into glue, the selling price was doubled.

Huang Chu said that he had done a market survey and found that less than 10% of luggage companies use green glue as adhesives.

Concentration of dichloroethane with national standards provides dichloroethane "poison glue" into the company's defenses, Huang Chu fills reporters with a bottle of highly toxic, carcinogenic, 12% dichloroethane configuration of spray adhesive, and non-toxic Solvent oil glue was extracted on the 6th, both of which were golden yellow. Judging from the color and odor, there was almost no difference.

“Dichloroethane is actually a colorless liquid and the glue produced should also be colorless. However, some manufacturers have added fake colors to make their color odors the same as those of environmental protection glue,” said Huang Chuchu.

According to statistics from the Guangdong Provincial Department of Health, since 2003, Guangdong Province has reported that the number of occupational diseases has risen for the sixth consecutive year. The shoe-making industry and the furniture industry, which require adhesives, account for a large proportion.

Huang Chuchu pointed out that the national standard issued in 2008 stipulated the content of toxic substances in adhesives, and the concentration of dichloroethane per cubic meter could not exceed five thousandths. "But in recent years, in terms of supervision, especially in the production process, it is rare for the safety supervision department to check the quality of the glue." He called on the government departments to increase the "toxic glue" to crack down.

It is doubtful whether the use of "poisonous boxes" to poison poisoned and poor quality glue will hinder the health of consumers. Liu Immigrants, chief physician of the Guangzhou Municipal Institute of Occupational Disease Prevention and Treatment, said that consumers have less chance of acute poisoning of dichloroethane and do not need to worry about it.

Immigration Liu introduced that bags and shoes that have been glued with dichloroethane glue after long-term storage and exposure in the air during use will gradually volatilize away and will not harm the health of users. In contrast, due to the large exposure of the manufacturing workers to dichloroethane adhesives and the confined work environment, high concentrations of toxic gases enter the body through the skin, causing acute poisoning.

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